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God's Wife / Divine Adoratress and their household

 
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anneke
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 29, 2004 3:28 pm    Post subject: God's Wife / Divine Adoratress and their household Reply with quote

We have talked about the God's Wives of Amen and the Divine Adoratresses before, but more in the context of their earlier form.

Ahmose Nefertari was given the position of God's Wife of Amen and was given the lands to support the position.
Hatshepsut also held this position, and her Steward Senenmut became powerful at court in his own right.

Much later the positions of God's Wife and Divine Adoratress seem to have been combined and the position became even more important during the 25th and 26th dynasty.

They seem to have had their own court and the high officials must have been quite powerful and rich judging by their tombs.

Amenirdis I (dau of Kashta and Pebatjma)
Shepenwepet II (dau of Piye and )
Amenirdis II (dau of Taharqa)
Nitokris I (dau of Psamtik I)
Ankhesneferibre (dau of Psamtik II and Takhuit)

I'm still not sure why these women were given this kind of power. Or did they take it? Did it serve some purpose for the distribution of power of the royal family?
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anneke
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 29, 2004 3:36 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Harwa, high steward of Amenirdis I. He is well-known from his big tomb complex at Thebes

Akhamen[erau] /3(t)-jmn/[/-r.w/]//, Chief steward of the divine adoratress (Theb. tb. 404), basalt, temp. Taharqa or Tanutamun. Possibly steward of Shepenwepet II or Amenirdis II?


Ibi, high steward of the high priestess of Amun Nitokris I.
Pabes (Pabasa), high steward of the god's wife (Neitiqert = Nitokris I)
Ankhhor, mayor of Memphis, Oxyrhynchus and Bahriya oasis, high steward of the god's priestess (Neitiqert), followed Pabasa
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anneke
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 29, 2004 3:42 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

There are some interesting officials associated with these priestesses:

Irtyru, female scribe and attendant of the god's priestess Nitiqret.
Not too many female scribes are known.



Statue of Esnebneteru /Ns-nb-ntrw/, Chamberlain of the god's wife, Messenger of the divine adoratress to Nubia (/T3-stj/), etc., kneeling holding figure of Osiris, with cartouches of Amenardais (probably I) /Jmn-jr-dj-s /, God's wife, on arms, black granite, Dyn. XXV.

Shows that she was keeping in close contact with her royal father and brother in Nubia?

I should mention that I have this from:
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/thebes/late/godswifead.html
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/thebes/tombs/TTlp.html
http://www.ashmol.ox.ac.uk/gri/3statues.html
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kmt_sesh
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PostPosted: Thu Dec 30, 2004 1:38 am    Post subject: Re: God's Wife / Divine Adoratress and their household Reply with quote

anneke wrote:
I'm still not sure why these women were given this kind of power. Or did they take it? Did it serve some purpose for the distribution of power of the royal family?


As I've read it, anneke, your last sentence pretty much answers the question. The practice probably wasn't universal, but often the pharaoh would send a favorite daughter or other close female relative to serve in these high-status roles as a means to maintain a court presence in the powerful and wealthy temples. These women exercised tangible power and acquired enviable wealth themselves. I believe some of the Divine Adoratrices of the 25th and 26th Dynasties had their mortuary chapels erected inside the gateway of the main temple of Ramesses III (Medinet Habu).
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anneke
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PostPosted: Thu Dec 30, 2004 2:24 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Still interesting that they chose female relatives as a representative. It did keep the wealth and power in the family so to say.

I believe several of the God's Wives / Divine adoratresses were buried at Medinet Habu. Some with relatives from what I read.
Do they have any idea what their tombs would have looked like?

It seems that even the stewards to these ladies were buried with splendor. Any burial goods of these women ever found? I know that there are plenty of statues.
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kmt_sesh
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PostPosted: Thu Dec 30, 2004 2:30 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I know they've excavated some of those tombs at Medinet Habu, and I think a number of objects were found. However, I am not particularly knowledgeable on this topic. If I come across anything to flesh it out, I'll post it here.
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