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Earliest humans in Egypt

 
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Blackman
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PostPosted: Mon Nov 14, 2005 11:00 am    Post subject: Earliest humans in Egypt Reply with quote

In Egypt, the earliest evidence of humans can be recognized only from tools found scattered over an ancient surface, sometimes with hearths nearby. In Wadi Kubbaniya, a dried-up streambed cutting through the Western Desert to the floodplain northwest of Aswan in Upper Egypt, some interesting sites of the kind described above have been recorded. A cluster of Late Paleolithic camps was located in two different topographic zones: on the tops of dunes and the floor of the wadi (streambed) where it enters the valley. Although no signs of houses were found, diverse and sophisticated stone implements for hunting, fishing, and collecting and processing plants were discovered around hearths. Most tools were bladelets made from a local stone called chert that is widely used in tool fabrication. The bones of wild cattle, hartebeest, many types of fish and birds, as well as the occasional hippopotamus have been identified in the occupation layers. Charred remains of plants that the inhabitants consumed, especially tubers, have also been found.

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/wadi/hd_wadi.htm
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kmt_sesh
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PostPosted: Tue Nov 15, 2005 1:58 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

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Although no signs of houses were found, diverse and sophisticated stone implements for hunting, fishing, and collecting and processing plants were discovered around hearths.


It's unlikely people from this far back ever established any kind of permanent structures. As your post suggest, they were hunter-gatherers who would only later develop into herdsmen, then farmers. Interesting paleolithic materials have even been discovered under the ruins of Karnak, including a stone hand-axe.
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Blackman
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PostPosted: Thu Nov 17, 2005 12:59 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

kmt_sesh wrote:
It's unlikely people from this far back ever established any kind of permanent structures. As your post suggest, they were hunter-gatherers who would only later develop into herdsmen, then farmers. Interesting paleolithic materials have even been discovered under the ruins of Karnak, including a stone hand-axe.


It weren't semi-permanent or permanent occupations, but rather a settlement system which involved the re-use of key areas to exploit a variety of seasonal resources.
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PostPosted: Thu Nov 17, 2005 1:40 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

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It weren't semi-permanent or permanent occupations, but rather a settlement system which involved the re-use of key areas to exploit a variety of seasonal resources.


That makes sense. Toby Wilkinson tells us how these people of deep predynastic times would spend much of the year wandering what was then a more fertile eastern desert (such as in the area of the Wadi Hammamat), that they might tend to their herds; and when the season permitted, they would tend to their plantings back near the Nile. Both herding and farming would inevitably lead to a more settled lifestyle.
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