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The rise of Re in the 5th Dynasty a Challenge to Pharaoh?
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Widdekind
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PostPosted: Mon Dec 07, 2009 1:21 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Rise of Re Cult during 5th Dynasty coincides with Egyptian retreat from Nubia

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In Lower Nubia, the indigenous A-Group culture disappears in the archaeological record by later in the 1st Dynasty [~2900 BC], which most likely coincided with Egyptian military penetration there [see "Egyptian Expansion" below]...

Indigenous peoples did not occupy Lower Nubia again until late in the Old Kingdom, when the earliest C-Group burials are found -- coinciding with loss of direct Egyptian control over the region...

Egyptian control of Lower Nubia ceased by the 6th Dynasty, when indigenous peoples, whom George Reisner called the C-Group, began to be buried there.

Kathryn A. Bard. Introduction to the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt, pg. 120,162.



Comparison --- 1st Dynasty expansion (3000-2900 BC)
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Egyptian artifacts, from 3000-2900 BC, including metal & pottery vessels from royal workshops, are found throughout the Negev & southern Syro-Palestine [Canaan], which had a population at that time of perhaps 150,000 living in walled towns & villages. Egypt appears to have been dominant militarily & economically during this period, and Syro-Palestine was probably more influenced by Egypt than vice versa.

David O'Connor. Abydos, pp. 144-145. King Scorpion's tomb, at Abydos (tomb U-j), contained grave goods from 45 towns, cities, & settlements, across all of Upper Egypt.
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Leena
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PostPosted: Mon Dec 07, 2009 10:18 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thank you for the link to the article!

Leena Smile
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Shemsu Sesen
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PostPosted: Mon Dec 07, 2009 4:12 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Although, interestingly enough, some Egyptian cities not only survived, but thrived in the years leading up to the First Intermediate Period. The Tell Edfu Project has been turning up some really fascinating evidence that Edfu profitted from the collapse of centralized power, and even experienced a period of expansion during the FIP.

I wrote an intro to this subject at my home base, Em Hotep.

http://emhotep.net/2009/11/24/locations/upper-egypt/edfu/edfu-part-one-ancient-djeba/

I know its not directly related to the original topic (hijacking my own post!), but it is worth noting that this was, of course, an area sacred to Horus of Behdet, so maybe part of why they prospered is that they were reliant on the authority of neither Re nor the pharaoh. Of course, nothing is ever that simple. Edfu seems to have had a run of good luck that lasted pretty much from the Fifth Dynasty to the Seventeenth and beyond, well before the Ptolemies came on the scene..
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