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Musical Mummies

 
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anneke
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 25, 2004 2:30 pm    Post subject: Musical Mummies Reply with quote

I mean "musical mummies" as in "musical chairs.

As mentioned in other threads ("Horemheb" for instance) many royal mummies have been found. By far the largest number come from two different chaches: one from Deir-el-Bahari, Referred to as tomb DB320, and one from the King's Valley KV35.

DB320 seems to be the largest collection, some 40 mummies.

The DB320 reburial seems to have been undertaken by 21st dynasty necropolis priests. The earliest mummies in this collection date to the late 17th dynasty, and the latest to the 21-22nd dynasty.

The last addition seems to be Djedptahiufankh. Inscriptions on his coffin identify him as a priest of amen and holder of the title "royal son of Ramses". Hieratic notations on his mummy wrappings date to years 5,10 and 11 of Sheshonk.

So it seems that that was at some point a mass reburial, followed by occasional additions during the 21-early 22 dynasty.

Some of the mummies are easily identified, but others are either not identifiable, or are questionable.

See for instance:

Is Seti II realy even 19th dynasty? (Marianne Luban)
http://www.geocities.com/scribelist/altern.html

Edward F. Wente (Oriental Institute Chicago)
http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/IS/WENTE/NN_Win95/NN_Win95.html

This last article makes me think of musical chairs Cool

He has 3 schemes for possible identifications

Scheme 1
Thutmose I = Thutmose II
Thutmose II = Seti II
Thutmose III = Thutmose III
Amenhotep II = ---
Thutmose IV = Amenhotep II
Amenhotep III = Thutmose IV
Akhenaten = KV 55
Smenkhkare = ---
Tutankhamun = Tutankhamun
Aye = Amenhotep III

Scheme 2
Thutmose I = Thutmose II
Thutmose II = Seti II
Thutmose III = Thutmose III
Amenhotep II = ---
Thutmose IV = Amenhotep II
Amenhotep III = Thutmose IV
Akhenaten = ---
Smenkhkare = KV 55
Tutankhamun = Tutankhamun
Aye = Amenhotep III

Scheme 3
Thutmose I = Thutmose II
Thutmose II = Seti II
Thutmose III = ?Thutmose III
Amenhotep II =? Thutmose III
Thutmose IV = Thutmose IV
Amenhotep III = Amenhotep II
Akhenaten = Amenhotep III
Smenkhkare = KV 55
Tutankhamun = Tutankhamun
Aye = ---
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Segereh
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 25, 2004 2:50 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Heavy. Shocked
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anneke
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 25, 2004 2:54 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

The alleged mummy of Thutmosis I (DB320):
1. the individual was only 18 to 20 at death (much too young)
2. there is little similarity in his cranial morphology to those mummies which are almost certainly Thutmosis II and III, his direct offspring.
3. less convincing is the placement of the arms in a non-royal pose. Although this is how Ahmose was mummified as well. The first King to have been buried with his arms crossed over the chest was Thuhtmosis II.


The alleged mummy of Amenhotep III (KV 35)
1. The coffin mentions the name of Amenhotep III. It also mentions the names of Seti II and Ramses III however.
2. The limbs were stuffed with resinous materials. This was not the practice at that time. This would point to 21st dynasty.
3. His estimated age at death was between 40 and 50. This does match what we know about AIII.

The alleged mummy of Seti II (KV 35)
1. This mummy resembles the early Thutmosid Kings, not the taller more robust Ramesside Kings.
2. His lobes are pierced. This would place him after Thutmosis IV.
3. Embalming practices more closely resemble those of the 18th dynasty.
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anneke
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PostPosted: Sun Jul 25, 2004 3:13 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Just wanted to remind people that many of these mummies can be found online at http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/Bookmarks.htm
This website is developed maintained by Max Miller and is very informative.

(Just did't want to 'clutter' the posts with photo after photo Very Happy)

There are some really interesting possiblities for the unidentified mummies.


Unknown Woman B (no 61056 from DB320) may be Tetisheri! This lady is described as a white haired, partially bald, petite female of very advanced years.
Tetisheri was of course a Queen during the expulsion of the Hyksos, mother to Queen Ahhotep and her husband and grand-mother to King Ahmose.
If it is really Tetisheri, this lady would have had a remarkable life.
If I could revive a mummy, she might just be the first Cool


Unknown man C (no 61067 from DB 320) is a very high ranking official from the early part of the 18th dynasty. Due to a certain reseblence to a sketch on an osttracon, some have suggested that this may be none other than Senmut, the official (and some say lover) of Hatshepsut.

But all we have is "circumstantial evidence". Too bad.... Very Happy
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