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Books about the lesser known Female Pharaohs?

 
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Serket72
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PostPosted: Sat Sep 07, 2019 1:34 pm    Post subject: Books about the lesser known Female Pharaohs? Reply with quote

There are plenty of books on Hatshepsut, Nefertiti (assuming that she reigned as Neferneferuaten) and Cleopatra, but I’d like to expand my knowledge of the lesser known female Pharaohs e.g. Sobekneferu, Merneith, Nitocris and Twosret. I’m guessing that we know so little about these women that there wouldn’t be enough material for a whole book! But are there any essays or chapters in other books about them?
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Lutz
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PostPosted: Sat Sep 07, 2019 9:12 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Vivienne Gae Callender : The Wives of the Egyptian Kings - Dynasties I - XVII. - [Australia, Macquarie University, PhD, 1994].

Mistress of the House, Mistress of Heaven - Women in Ancient Egypt. - [Anne K. Capel / Glenn E. Markoe, Ed.]. - New York : Hudson Hills Press / Cincinnati Art Museum, 1996. - 237 p., fig., ill. incl. colour. - ISBN : 1-55595-129-5 :

Quote:
Published in conjunction with the exhibition organized by the Cincinnati Art Museum, October 1996 - January 1997, and also appearing at The Brooklyn Museum, New York, February - May 1997.

The catalogue is preceded by two essays. The first is Catharine H. Roehrig, Woman's work: Some occupations of non-royal women as depicted in Ancient Egyptian art (p. 13-24), after introductory words dealing with nurturing children and textile manufacture. The next essay is Betsy M. Bryan, In women good and bad fortune are on earth: Status and roles of women in Egyptian culture (p. 25-46), dealing with: Neith-hotep, Mer-neith, Nitocris, Sobeknefru, Hatshepsut (in some detail), Nefertiti, Twosre as female rulers; women within the family (family structure; politics and choice in marriage); roles and offices of women (occupations; women in religious service; women in Egyptian religious ideology). The catalogue of the exhibition is divided into themes, of which the first on public and private life is the most extensive, dealing with the family (nos. 1-7; statuary of couples or alone), motherhood (8-20; incl. an introduction to amulets), adornment (21-27; with sections on hair ornaments and accessories, on cosmetic vessels and on jewellery), and occupations (28-36). Next comes the theme of female royalty (37-52), which presents statuary, reliefs and paintings. The section on goddesses (53-71) shows a variety of pieces: vessels, statuary (many bronzes) and reliefs showing goddesses. The last section is devoted to the afterlife (72-94), including a women's burial assemblage, shabtis (with introduction), a heart scarab, a reserve head, statuary and funerary stelae, coffins and cartonnages.

After the catalogue follows another essay with notes, by Janet H. Johnson, The legal status of women in Ancient Egypt, dealing with criminal and civil law, and family law. Translations from P. Kahun I, 1, O. Nash 1, the T.I.P. statue of Nakhtmut, and the N.K. Adoption Papyrus illustrate the argument. Notes to the first two essays and the catalogue descriptions, and general bibliography and general index added.


Joyce Tyldesley : Chronicle of the Queens of Egypt - From Early Dynastic Times to the Death of Cleopatra. - London : Thames & Hudson, 2006. - 224 p.

Haya Ritter Kaplan : The Problem of the Dynastic Position of Meryet-Nit. - In: Journal of Near Eastern Studies - JNES 38. - 1979. - pp. 23-27.

Percy Edward Newberry : Queen Nitocris of the Sixth Dynasty. - In: Journal of Egyptian Archaeology - JEA 29. - 1943. - pp. 51-54.

J. von Beckerath : The Date of the End of the Old Kingdom of Egypt. - In: Journal of Near Eastern Studies - JNES 21. - 1962. - pp. 140-147.

Quote:
There is no difficulty in placing Fragment 43 of the Royal Canon of Turin in column IV, ll. 7-10 instead of ll. 8-11 as suggested by Gardiner and Černý (compare AEB 59.0228). If this position is right, Nitocris becomes in the Canon an immediate successor of Menthesuphis and she would be the last ruler of the Sixth Dynasty in full agreement with Manetho. King Ib moves then from l. 13 to l. 10, and his three successors in the Abydos King-list would find their places in ll. 11-13. They would here be the last kings of the dynasty so that the agreement of the lists of Turin and Abydos is nearly perfect.

The author points out that the length of the so-called "First Intermediate Period" is still overrated, and the date for the end of the Old Kingdom is much too high even in recent books on Egyptian history. We are able to fix the year of the beginning of the Kingdoms of Heracleopolis (Dynasties IX-X) and Thebes (Dynasty XI) to 2134 B.C. This would be the minimal and definitive date for the end of the Old Kingdom.


Christiane Coche-Zivie : Nitocris, Rhodopis et la Troisième Pyramide de Giza. - In: Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale 72. - 1972. - pp. 115-138.

Quote:
After offering a translation of the passages about Nitocris, Rhodopis and the daughter of Cheops by Herodotus and various other classical authors Mme Coche attempts to interpret these stories.

Elements of the story of Cheops' daughter may have been derived from unknown Egyptian sources. Nitocris is the Greek transcription of nt-iqrt, a name occurring in the Turin Royal Canon as that of a ruler of the VIth Dynasty, probably to be connected with the prenomen mn-kA-ra elsewhere. Confusion of her monument with the third pyramid is well explicable. The features ascribed to Nitocris, blond hair and pink cheeks, may originally have belonged to Rhodopis.

The historical Rhodopis was certainly a courtesan from Naucratis called Doricha. Her relations with the Saite Dynasty were reason to connect her with Gîza, where the dynasty restored the third pyramid.

The two traditions, that of Nitocris and that of Rhodopis, though deriving elements from each other, never have been fused completely.


Kim Ryholt : The Late Old Kingdom in the Turin King-list and the Identity of Nitocris. - In: Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde - ZÄS 127. - 2000. - pp. 87-100.

Marc Brose : Neue Fragen zur (Nicht-)Existenz der Königin Nitokris. - In: Göttinger Miszellen - GM 254. - 2018. - pp. 37-52.

Percy Edward Newberry : Co-regencies of Ammenemes III, IV and Sebknofru. - In: Journal of Egyptian Archaeology - JEA 29. - 1943. - pp. 74-75.

Gae Callender : What Sex was King Sobekneferu? And what is known about her Reign?. - In: KMT - A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt 9(1). - 1998. - pp. 45-56.

Gae Callender : Materials for the Reign of Sebekneferu. - In: Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress of Egyptologists, Cambridge, 3-9 September 1995. - [Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 82]. - Leuven : Peeters, 1998. - pp. 227-236.

Gae Callender : Queen Tausret and the End of Dynasty 19. - In: Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur - SAK 32. - 2004. - pp. 81-104.

Richard H. Wilkinson : Tausret - Forgotten Queen and Pharaoh of Egypt. - Oxford : University Press, 2012. - ISBN : 9780199912346. - 168 p.

Aidan Dodson : Poisoned Legacy - The Decline and Fall of the Nineteenth Egyptian Dynasty. - Cairo : The American University in Cairo Press, 2016. - ISBN : 9789774167522. - XXVI, 196 p.
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Serket72
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PostPosted: Sun Sep 08, 2019 8:31 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Well, that's a comprehensive list! Thanks for that. I shall work my way through it.
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PostPosted: Sun Sep 08, 2019 2:07 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Just a selection, there is more, especially in German and French ... Cool
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