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Breakthrough astronomy giving true pre-1320 BC Sothic dates

 
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Vilis
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PostPosted: Tue Mar 30, 2021 11:27 am    Post subject: Breakthrough astronomy giving true pre-1320 BC Sothic dates Reply with quote

My below-linked fully detailed June 2020 breakthrough astronomy of the true pre-1320 BC non-retrodrifting Sothic agricultural and administrative calendar, was based on its annual cosmical (not heliacal) rising of Sirius (Sothis) as detected by a slightly concave magnifying mirror aimed slightly off-axis as a Herschellian telescope (patterned on 18th Dynasty and earlier magnifying Egyptian cosmetic or shaving mirrors) aimed at the eastern horizon from the 874m desert peak of Gebel Atakah 100km due east of Heliopolis, used from presumably predynastic times to detect invasion from the Asiatic tip of the Gulf of Aqaba. Such metal mirrors, many of silver, were dated from the Archaic Period and the Old Kingdom" but were found most abundantly in the Middle Kingdom, up to 20cm in diameter, as detailed in Christine Lilyquist's (at Academia.edu) comprehensive dissertation "Ancient Egyptian Mirrors from the Earliest times through the Middle Kingdom", etc. My article below quotes several other authors addressing the optical qualities of ancient Egyptian magnifying (concave) mirrors. This includes the large Herschellian telescope of the Pharos lightouse at Alexandria, cited in the link immediately below.



Summer Solstice-Synchronous Sothic Calendar Confirms Early 18th Dynasty High Chronology: Six Sothic-Dated Pharaonic Accessions Used Full Moon-Signatured Accession Days, + Absolutely Dates Hyksos Avaris Fall to May/June 1559 BC Final Edition (16 April 2020)



https://www.academia.edu/42757764/Summer_Solstice-Synchronous_Sothic_Calendar_Confirms_Early_18th_Dynasty_High_Chronology_Six_Sothic-Dated_Pharaonic_Accessions_Used_Full_Moon-Signatured_Accession_Days_Absolutely_Dates_Hyksos_Avaris_Fall_to_May_June_1559_BC_Final_Edition_16_April_2020_



Hyksos and Egyptian 18th Dynasty Chronology Chart Final Edition (14 April 2020)



https://www.academia.edu/42736825/Hyksos_and_Egyptian_18th_Dynasty_Chronology_Chart_Final_Edition_14_April_2020_



On 16 April 2020 I updated and improved "Summer Solstice-Synchronous Sothic Calendar ...". Please take a look at it if you have time. The historical evidence in this paper overwhelmingly supports my conclusion. One absolutely confirming example is Thutmose III's Karnak Akhmenu temple "stretching the cord" year 24 month II Peret day 30 winter solstice on Julian 02 January, 1480 BC.


An immediate validation follows, that my Summer Solstice-Synchronous Sothic Calendar solution by which absolute dates can be assigned to Sethe's catalogue of pre-1320 BC Sothic calendric-dated inscriptions:
By the Synchronous Sothic Calendar (SSC), 2 Peret 30 in thutmose III's year 24 was exactly the day of the winter solstice, as independently confirmed by "Festivals in the ancient Egyptian calendar" https://www.ucl.ac.uk/museums-static/digitalegypt/ideology/festivaldates.html

Here we find the following:

Month 2 (6th month of the 12, which is the month II Peret): Rekehwer = (Paen)-mekhir = Coptic Mekhir (approximately Jajuary, ideally).

Day 1 sailing of Anubis (ie. II Peret day 1)

Day 30 (ie. II Peret 30): key date in festival spanning several days (in the present case "to stretch the cord for this monument in Year 24 month 2 of Peret, 30th day, the day of the Tenth day feast of Amun in Karnak.") identified sometimes as 'Amun-in-the-festival-of-raising-heaven', and in some sources the day of bringing branches of the ishded-tree (sacred tree of the sun-god at Iunu) and culminating on the next day, the first of the next month, with the ceremony of filling the sacred eye of Iunu: this is the halfway point of the year, ideal 'midwinter' (ie. the day of the winter solstice) !



The University College London's Sothic calendric dating by II Peret 20 the 'Amun-in-the-festival-of-raising-heaven' evidently identifies Thutmose III's 24th year Akhmenu templeorientation ceremony, which in Thutmose III's Urk. IV 833-838 is "10th day feast of Amun in Karnak". This evidence confirms the Synchronous Sothic Calendar's II Peret 30 date falling on the exact day of the Winter solstice. This is attested by Thutmose III's Karnak Akhmenu temple's principal short axis being the same as the Amun temple complex's (squarely headed by Akhmenu at its east end) long (east-west) axis aligned along the first rays of the winter solstice sunrise. This is likewise the orientation of Hatshepsut's mortuary temple complex at Deir el-Bahri opposite Karnak across the Nile. This independent SSC confirmation rivals in importance our six early 18th Dynasty pharaonic accessions having fallen on exact days of the full moon by the SSC.



Here is my perfected final edition of 16 April 2020:



Summer Solstice-Synchronous Sothic Calendar Confirms Early 18th Dynasty High Chronology: Six Sothic-Dated Pharaonic Accessions Used Full Moon-Signatured Accession Days, + Absolutely Dates Hyksos Avaris Fall to May/June 1559 BC Final Edition (16 April 2020)
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