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Egyptian Gods and Goddesses
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Nefertum_The_Blue_Lotus
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PostPosted: Wed Jun 16, 2004 7:34 am    Post subject: Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Reply with quote

Im just trying to amke a list of egyptian gods, if you can add some it would be apriciated.
Aker...The double lion god

Amen (Amon, Amun)....."The Hidden One," a primordial creation-deity

Ammut...The devouerer

Anubis.....Egyptian god of the dead

Aten.....Lord of all

Apophis (Apopis, Apep)........the moon / depicded as a snake montser

Bast (Bastet).....Egyptian cat goddess

Bes.....Egyptian dwarf god believed to guard against evil
spirits and misfortune

Chons.....Egyptian moon god

Dua.....Protector of the stomach of the deceased

Geb.....God of the Earth

Hathor.....Egyptian cow goddess

Hapy (Hapi)......Father of the gods

Horus (Horakhty, Heru'ur, Horus the child, Horus the elder)....."He who is above"

Isis.....Egyptian mother goddess

Ka......Egyptian name for the vital force of life

Khepri....."He who comes into existance"

Khnum....."Lord of cool waters"

Ma'at.....Egyptian goddess of truth and justice

Min.....Egyptian fertility god

Mut.....Wife of Amen, mother of Khons

Neith....."Great godess"

Nephthys.....Egyptian goddess of the dead

Nut.....Egyptian goddess of the sky and of the heavens

Osirus (Osiris).....Egyptian god of the underworld and of vegetation

Ptah (Pteh)....."The opener"

Qetesh.....Goddess of love and beauty

Ra (Re).....Egyptian sun god

Ra-Horakhty.....combination of the gods Horus and Ra.

Selket.....Scorpion goddess, helper of women in childbirth

Seth (Set, Setesh, Setek, Seti).....Egyptian god of chaos

Seshat......"Lady of the liberty"

Shu.....Egyptian god of the air

Sobek.....Egyptian crocodile god

Sokar (Seker, Soker).....Original Satan

Taweret (Taurt).....Hippopotamus goddess and protective deity of childbirth

Tefnut.....the goddess of moisture.

Thoth.....Egyptian moon god, and scribe god

Wadjet.........Snake goddess

Wepwawet......God of war and of the funerary cult
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Nefertum_The_Blue_Lotus
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PostPosted: Wed Jun 16, 2004 7:35 am    Post subject: I forgot an obvios one (my name) Reply with quote

Nefertum of the blue lotus blossom
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Segereh
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PostPosted: Wed Jun 16, 2004 8:36 am    Post subject: Re: Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Reply with quote

Nefertum_The_Blue_Lotus wrote:
Im just trying to amke a list of egyptian gods, if you can add some it would be apriciated.


Ambitious. Cool

Nefertum wrote:
Anubis.....Egyptian god of the dead
Aten.....Lord of all
Apophis (Apopis, Apep)........the moon / depicded as a snake montser
Dua.....Protector of the stomach of the deceased
Hapy (Hapi)......Father of the gods
Khnum....."Lord of cool waters"
Neith....."Great godess"
Ptah (Pteh)....."The opener"
Nephthys.....Egyptian goddess of the dead
Qetesh.....Goddess of love and beauty
Seshat......"Lady of the liberty"
Sokar (Seker, Soker).....Original Satan
Wepwawet......God of war and of the funerary cult


Some remarks:
Anubis (Inpoe) is not so much god of death as of mummification.
Aten was revered as the corporal form of the sun (whereas Re was rather the sun's "soul").
Apophis was the enemy of the nightly Re, haven't seen him as a moon god though.
"Dua" means 'to worship', the complete name of the god u're referring to is Duamoetef, one of the Sons of Horus.
Hapy is not so much father of the gods I think, he surely was god of the Nile though.
Like it how u called Khnum. Smile Nice title. He was one of the gods of creation.
Neith is a rather less known goddess though she's supposed to have been very important. She surely was a goddess of hunt, sometimes of creation, and very revered in the Delta. She always reminds me of the Greek goddess Diana.
Ptah, once more a deity of creation.
Nephthys was a 'counterweight' to Isis in sort of a distorted mirror-view. Making her goddess of death is a little stretch.
Qetesh? I don't know her, u have some more info?
Seshat is actually 'lady of the library'. Wink
Sokar was a cultic god at the Memphis-necropolis, sometimes equated to Osiris and Ptah. Surely not Satan. Seth comes closer to that. Confused
I've never seen Wepwawet as god of war though.

Nice work u've done here, I'll try to help adding some once in a while. Wink
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anneke
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PostPosted: Wed Jun 16, 2004 11:11 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

There's a thread waaay at the bottom of the Mythology and Religion page
http://forum.egyptiandreams.co.uk/viewtopic.php?t=109

We went over quite a few of them. Maybe there are some there. Very Happy

Touregypt also has a list of deities, and articles about quite a few of them.

http://touregypt.net/magazine/godsofancientegypt.htm
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blue_rogue
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PostPosted: Wed Jun 16, 2004 7:11 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

oooooooooo i know one

Satis=Goddess of the borders of Egypt
i'll probably come up with some more later
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Segereh
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 17, 2004 7:10 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Very good one.

Satet (Satis in Greek) was a goddess, wearing the upper-Egyptian white crown on cow-horns. The centre of her cult was at Aswan where she got linked to Khnum, god of creation (once again, there were a few) and Anket (Anoekis, serving as a female counterpart to Khnum).

Makes me think of either Isi or Sessie asking about a certain goddess... Renenoetet (Ernoetet) was a goddess, sometimes depicted wearing the head of an uraeus, solar disk and Hathor's cow-horns. She was goddess of harvest and a divine nurse.
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 17, 2004 11:49 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

How many of the godesses had the sundisk and cow horns?
Hathor of course, but that's starting to sound like a fairly common attribute?
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Segereh
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 17, 2004 8:02 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Both symbols reflect fertility, so it's quite a common attribute indeed for female deities, like strong, male deities getting depicted with ram's horns (got to like those curls, don't u?).
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PostPosted: Thu Jun 17, 2004 9:59 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Here's a rather 'complete' list of gods.
The attributes and descriptions are sometimes a bit 'off' but it gives a nice database for the names already.

http://www.godchecker.com/pantheon/egyptian-mythology.php?_gods-list

Notice the link to EgyptianDreams at the right. Cool
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PostPosted: Sat Aug 28, 2004 7:09 pm    Post subject: Qetesh Reply with quote

Originally believed to be a Syrian deity, Qetesh was a goddess of love and beauty. Qetesh was depicted as a nude woman, standing or riding upon a lion, holding flowers, a mirror, or serpents. She is generally shown full-face (unusual in Egyptian artistic convention). She was considered to be one of the forms of Hathor. She was also considered the consort of the god Min, the god of virility.
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isisinacrisis
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PostPosted: Sat Aug 28, 2004 8:50 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I had a list of Egyptian gods and goddesses who were not very well known...here are my questions:

Who are Hesat, Mnevis and Nemty? I saw those gods mentioned somewhere and I thought 'who?'

Who is Maftet?

Is Alurios another name for Bastet? I saw a site claiming that this is the greek name for her.

Isn't Wepawet another name for Anubis? (and is Upaut another name for him?)

And is it true that it wasn't Isis who originally resurected Osiris, but Heket? I've never heard of this version of the osiris myth before and I doubt that it has any validity...
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anneke
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 29, 2004 1:13 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hesat, the Egyptian goddess of birth, is a minor guardian of pregnant women and mothers who are nursing; their milk, called the "beer of Hesat" nourishes humanity. In some texts, she is identified as the mother of Anubis. She is depicted as a cow.

Nemty ("He who travels") came from nome #12 in Upper Egypt and was the ferryman who carried the gods over the river to the life beyond. He was assimilated with Horus and was depicted as a falcon-headed man in a boat (left). In a tale Re-Horakhte told him not to ferry any woman resembling Isis over to "The Island in the Middle" where some gods had an important meeting. Isis came disguised as an old woman and asked to be carried across to bring a bowl of porridge to a young herdsman, but Nemty refused even after being offered to eat. But when he got a golden ring from her finger he took her across. She then disturbed the convention by using witchcraft and the gods punished Nemty for his disobedience by cutting off all his toes. His name appears in a few royal names and one is Merenre I Nemtyamsaf, a pharaoh from the 6th dynasty.

Mafdet was a very old catlike goddess who was depicted in the Pyramid texts as killing a snake. Her fame came mainly in the Old Kingdom and not so much is known about her except that she stood for (official) power. She could appear as a lynx, a leopard or a cheetah, but normally she was shown as a woman dressed in a cat's skin. She fought snakes and scorpions and evildoers in general and could be seen as a cat climbing up a pool (by some said to be used for executions), and if so thereby manifesting the judicial authority (picture left). In the early New Kingdom she is also depicted attending in the Judgment Hall, perhaps to take care of the legal consequences. Her name can possibly mean "runner" and she is mentioned on the Palermo Stone from the fifth dynasty. She was somehow identified with the dwarf god Bes. Her parents were (at least in the New Kingdom) - Amon and Mut.


WepwapetWepuat, Upuaut (in Greek: Ophios) was a cemetery god from Lykopolis in province 13 of Upper Egypt whose name meant "opener of the way" (to the underworld) and probably he was a spiritual force in the battle field. He was dressed as a solider and his standard was carried in royal processions. The Narmer Palette shows one and this is possibly his. In funerals and in the annual feast of Osiris at Abydos he also took part and his statue was placed by the tomb to watch over the deceased to whom he opened the gates to the life beyond. He was the son of Anubis and could have been the same deity as a shadowy god which in earliest times was called Sed.


Wepwapet as an infantry soldier of ca 1300 BC.

This partially comes from
http://nemo.nu/ibisportal/0egyptintro/1egypt/index.htm
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 29, 2004 1:21 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I looked at Heket at the same site and found
Quote:
The goddess Heket was known already during the pyramid era in magical texts. With time she was connected to growth and fertility in general (as frogs were from the earliest days) and her amulets protected all women at childbirth. Magical knives had her image to protect the homes. She was the wife of creator Khnum (and also to Heh) and gave all creatures the breath of life before they were placed to grow in their mother's womb. She helped Osiris to rise from the dead and was taken as a form of Hathor, and called the mother of Horus the Elder. Her centre of worship was in nome five of Upper Egypt at the old cities of Qus (Parva) and Gesy.


She sounds like an older deity. The whole description sounds somewhat confusing to me Very Happy
Related to magic and the resurrection of Osiris (~ Isis)
Taken as the form of Hathor?? I wonder if she was an older deity whose attributes were later absorbed by other goddesses. It sounds as though she may have only been worshipped in older time periods.
[img][/img]
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 29, 2004 1:31 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Mnevis was not a god I think Mnevis was the sacred bull of Heliopolis. (similar to the Apis bull of Memphis?). The Mnevis Bull was thought to be the manifestation of Re-Atum.

Only 2 tombs of Mnevis Bulls have been found. One from the reign of Ramses II and the other from the reign of Ramses IV.

I think there's some indication that Akhenaten had the Mnevis bull of that period moved to Akhetaten, and had plans to bury the bull there upon its death.

Mnevis also called Menuis, Nemur,  (Greek: Merwer).
In ancient Egyptian religion, sacred bull deity worshiped at Heliopolis. As one of several sacred bulls in Egypt, he was most closely associated with the sun god Re-Atum. Although not attested until later, the cult of Mnevis probably dated to the 1st dynasty (c. 2925–c. 2775 BC), if not earlier. The Mnevis bull was either black or piebald in colour.

There's more info about bull worship here:
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/bull.htm
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 29, 2004 1:43 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

isisinacrisis wrote:

Who are Hesat, Mnevis and Nemty? I saw those gods mentioned somewhere and I thought 'who?'

Laughing I had heard of the Mnevis bull, but I was right with you on the other ones Very Happy


isisinacrisis wrote:
Is Alurios another name for Bastet? I saw a site claiming that this is the greek name for her.

I saw somewhere that Bastet was identified with Artemis?
The only other name for her I have found is Bast.
I can't find anything at all about Alurios.
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