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book-The Rescue Of Jerusalem:

 
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kendo1
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PostPosted: Fri Dec 12, 2008 4:02 pm    Post subject: book-The Rescue Of Jerusalem: Reply with quote

The Rescue Of Jerusalem: The Alliance Between Hebrews And Africans In 701 Bc

Henry T. Aubin

cloth 420 pp.
Doubleday Canada



This is a fascinating account of an event that took place in Jerusalem in the 8th century BC, at a time when the cult of Yahweh - only one among a number of Semitic cults - was in the process of becoming a monotheistic religion. The event in question - the 'deliverance' of Jerusalem from the threat of annihilation by an Assyrian army in 701 BC - has long been considered a pivotal moment in history. An Assyrian victory would have (in the most dramatic interpretation) crushed the incipient religious orientation that formed the basis of the Jewish, Christian, and Moslem theistic visions. The distinctive trait here is that of a people threatened with extinction but 'chosen' to lead the world in the name of their God, a people who hoped that the practice of a higher morality - like that advocated by the profoundly pessimistic Isaiah - would save them from the might of the superpowers (Babylon, Assyria, Egypt).

Aubin sets himself the task of explaining why the rout of Sennacherib's army, by an Egyptian force under Kushite (Nubian, and therefore black) command, has been largely overlooked by history. Basing his analysis on close readings of the relevant passages in the Bible and on extensive research into several centuries of scholarship, Aubin turns the denial of the African presence into a psycho-historical drama.

His interpretation faces a number of obstacles. While the Bible records the very words of the Assyrian envoys as they demand Jerusalem's surrender, its authors say nothing about an Egyptian-Kushite force. They attributed the sudden decimation and decamping of Sennacherib's army to the miraculous intervention of Yahweh's angel. Archaelogical evidence for an Egyptian, which should have been found on a Kush monument or stele, was either lost or destroyed. (Another source of information - the Assyrian annals - often failed to record military embarrassments.) The elisions of the ancient records have made Aubin's thesis dependent on deductive reasoning.

Scholars (at least those who do not believe in divine intervention) have usually concluded that the Biblical obfuscation of events was motivated by a desire to enhance the power of Yahweh. But there was no doubt that the 25th Dynasty's army was in the area: they had recently battled with Sennacherib near Tel Aviv. When he scrutinizes the reasons why modern scholarship has overlooked certain clues to the 'deliverance' of Jerusalem, Aubin discovers an inexpicable tendency to diminish Kushite influence in Judah. Many scholars assumed that, in conformity with the rules of realpolitik, the 25th Dynasty's involvement in Judah was selfishly motivated. Aubin questions this assumption, pointing out the favourable Biblical references to Kush and to their benign rule over Egypt. If a strategic alliance between Kush and Judah was evident to the 16th-century John Calvin, why then did later scholarship erode or ignore the significance of this connection?

Aubin examines the life and work of one of the giants of ancient Middle Eastern scholarship in the late 19th century, A.H. Sayce, and discovers a disturbing blend of erudition and blatant racism. In a book published in 1891, the Reverend Sayce said, "The black colouring matter of the Negro extends to...even his brain..." Aubin believes that Sayce, as a "cosseted adjunct" of British imperialism, could not accept or tolerate the idea of a sophisticated black Egyptian dynasty, let alone their instrumental role in the history of the West. In other words, at a time when scholarship was most proud of its objective methods, it succumbed to the most subjective of prejudices.

The Rescue of Jerusalem has an interesting and well-argued thesis. It is written with narrative verve and supported by extensive footnotes.


http://www.aelaq.org/mrb/article.php?issue=9&article=202&cat=4
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one point- the 25th Dynasty was not egyptian,it was kushite(nubian).
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kendo1
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PostPosted: Fri Dec 12, 2008 4:33 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

In fact the army THAT SAVED Jerusalem WAS kushite.


`The Rescue of Jerusalem: The Alliance Between Hebrews and Africans in 701 B.C.' by Henry T. Aubin




Amazon.com Review
At the turn of the eighth century B.C., a mighty Assyrian army entered Judah and fought its way to the very gates of Jerusalem, poised, the prophet Isaiah warned, to "smash the city as easily as someone hurling a clay pot against the wall." But the assault never came; instead, the Assyrian army turned and fled, an event that has been called the Deliverance of Jerusalem. Whereas biblical accounts attribute the Assyrian retreat to divine intervention, journalist Henry Aubin offers an explanation that is miraculous in its own light: the siege was broken by the arrival of an army from Kushite Egypt--an army, that is, made up of black Africans. These Kushites figured in historical texts, Aubin continues, until the late 19th century, when racist scholars expunged them from the record--a process that, Aubin observes, coincided with the European conquest and colonization of Africa. The Kushite intervention assured the survival of the Hebrew people, Aubin asserts, and it deserves to be acknowledged anew. Well-written and carefully developed, though based on sometimes-uncertain evidence, Aubin's argument will doubtless excite discussion. --Gregory McNamee

From Library Journal
Aubin argues that the Kushite rescue of Jerusalem from certain annihilation in 701 B.C.E. instigated the Jewish concept of being God's "elect" and was therefore a seminal event in the development of Zionism. Dealing competently with the biblical and historical sources despite what some might see as a lack of formal training in this area (he is a journalist instead of a historian, though he did do graduate work in history at the University of Strasbourg), Aubin asserts that the Kushites black Africans who ruled Egypt at this time saved the city from destruction by the Assyrians. According to Aubin, historians accepted this view until the late 19th century, when colonialism impinged on the European perception of these events; suddenly, the theory that an epidemic weakened the Assyrian army rose to prominence. Aubin asserts that this was one of the most important battles in history; had the Assyrians wiped out Jerusalem, there would have been no Christianity or Islam. Whether or not one accepts his conclusions, this work is a wonderful exercise in historiography. Recommended for all academic libraries. Clay Williams, Hunter Coll. Lib., CUNY


See all Editorial Reviews

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In fact the army that saved Jerusalem kushite .
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Gerard.
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PostPosted: Fri Dec 12, 2008 9:00 pm    Post subject: Re: book-The Rescue Of Jerusalem: Reply with quote

kendo1 wrote:
Aubin examines the life and work of one of the giants of ancient Middle Eastern scholarship in the late 19th century, A.H. Sayce, and discovers a disturbing blend of erudition and blatant racism. In a book published in 1891, the Reverend Sayce said, "The black colouring matter of the Negro extends to...even his brain..." Aubin believes that Sayce, as a "cosseted adjunct" of British imperialism, could not accept or tolerate the idea of a sophisticated black Egyptian dynasty, let alone their instrumental role in the history of the West. In other words, at a time when scholarship was most proud of its objective methods, it succumbed to the most subjective of prejudices.
Aubin should first clean his door step before speaking about British imperialism. Sayce book is on http://www.archive.org/details/theracesoftheold00saycuoft There is no reason to insert dots in the text : The negro is dolichocephalic, and highly prognathous, with a corresponding recession of the chin. His nose is flat with wide nostrils, his lips fleshy, his teeth large and good. The wisdom-teeth appear early and are lost late. The cranial sutures are simple, the arm long, the calf of the leg deficient, the tibia flattened, and the great toe prehensile. As has been already observed, the black colouring matter of the negro extends to his muscles, and even his brain, the convolutions of which are comparatively simple. He has but little sympathy for art, except music, of which he is passionately fond. He is moved by emotion rather than by argument, and it is alleged that negro children seldom advance in their studies after the age of fourteen. In character the negro is indolent, superstitious, affectionate, and faithful. The two latter qualities have caused him to be sought after as slave or servant. The book being about THE RACES OF THE OLD TESTAMENT where Sayce could not accept or tolerate the idea of a sophisticated black Egyptian dynasty. Question Sayce expertise on Egypt is mainly religion.
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jonehaze
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PostPosted: Sat Jan 16, 2010 11:22 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I agree with you that Monotheism would probably have re-surfaced on a large scale on the globe through other means. I think what the author really meant was that - as we currently have it that most people accept the myth that these three religions have a monopoly on monotheism - some even assuming that they "created the concept" would not have been.Obviously, even way before Judaism, the ancient Africans of KMT where practicing MAAT under a number of single monotheistic religions. The most famous ruler Akenaton being on such example.What this book an d many others bring back to the surface is the fact that the so-called world history that most of us were exposed to in school was nothing but eurocentric propaganda - where the achievements of the majority of people of the planet had been overlooked, minimized, ridiculed in other to make post cave-dwelling Europe look more majestic and pioneering that. it was in reality.This being said, I do not personally ascribe any greater merit to monotheism than polytheism. To me it's all jimnastics being deployed by human beings trying to give meaning to what they still do not comprehend.
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