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26th dynasty military town discovered

 
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anneke
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PostPosted: Tue Jun 30, 2009 10:44 pm    Post subject: 26th dynasty military town discovered Reply with quote

Quote:
Ancient military town dating back to 26th Dynasty discovered in Ismailiya

Minister of Culture Farouk Hosni said an archeological mission discovered the remnants of an ancient military town in the governorate of Ismailiya.
The discovered military town dates back to the 26th Dynasty (664-625 BC).
It was found in Tel Defna between Al-Manzala Lake and the Suez Canal.
The area had been chosen by king Rameses II to avoid attacks from the eastern borders.
In addition, the area was used as crossing point by trade convoys coming from east . The discovered military city belongs to king Ibsemalik I.


In the EEF message it was mentioned that Ibsemalik I stands for Psammetik I.
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Diorite
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 02, 2009 12:18 am    Post subject: Re: 26th dynasty military town discovered Reply with quote

anneke wrote:
Quote:
Ancient military town dating back to 26th Dynasty discovered in Ismailiya

Minister of Culture Farouk Hosni said an archeological mission discovered the remnants of an ancient military town in the governorate of Ismailiya.
The discovered military town dates back to the 26th Dynasty (664-625 BC).
It was found in Tel Defna between Al-Manzala Lake and the Suez Canal.
The area had been chosen by king Rameses II to avoid attacks from the eastern borders.
In addition, the area was used as crossing point by trade convoys coming from east . The discovered military city belongs to king Ibsemalik I.


In the EEF message it was mentioned that Ibsemalik I stands for Psammetik I.


It seems like something is missing here. It reads like Ramses II built a fort in the 26th Dynasty. Did I read that right?

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anneke
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 02, 2009 1:21 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I took that to mean that the 26th dynasty structure was built on a previous site. And one that was already of some significance during the time of Ramesses II.
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anneke
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 02, 2009 12:30 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I just noticed Hawass has some more info about the fort.
I don't know if the links work for everyone, so I will quote the text here:

Quote:
Minister of Culture, Farouk Hosni, announced today that a Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) archaeological mission in Ismailia Governorate has revealed the remains of a military town, dated to the 26th Dynasty (ca. 664-625 B.C.), at the site of Tell Dafna, between El-Manzala lake and the Suez canal, about 15km northeast of the city of western Qantara.

The northeast Delta held a special position in Egypt; the area acted as a major centre for trade with the east, and was also the location of an ancient military and trade route known as the Ways of Horus, which connected Egypt with the East. The area was used as a strategic position by the Late Period kings (ca. 747-525 B.C), especially those of the 26th Dynasty, in order to defend the eastern borders of Egypt from invaders.

Dr. Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of the SCA, stated that King Ramesses II of the 19th Dynasty (ca. 1279-1212 BC) chose the site of Tell Dafna to erect a fortress or fortified town at Egypt’s eastern border in order to repulse Egypt’s enemies. The newly discovered fortress shows that King Psmatik I (ca. 664-610 BC) also built fortifications here.

Dr. Mohamed Abdel Maksoud, Head of the Central Department of Lower Egyptian Antiquities and the director of the mission, said that the newly discovered fortress covers an area of about 380×625m, while the enclosure wall is about 13m in width. It is considered to be the largest fortress discovered in the eastern Delta.

The mission also discovered a large mudbrick temple, consisting of three halls. There is also a group of storage magazines at the eastern and western sides of the temple. A small mudbrick palace was also discovered at the northeast side of the temple, consisting of eight rooms.

Furthermore, the mission discovered a group of drainage networks for rain water inside the ancient structures, consisting of pottery tunnels that end with a group of pottery vessels buried vertically in the sand to a depth of about three meters.

Dr. Abdel Maksour also stated that a huge number of pottery vessels, as well as local and imported pottery lids, were found. These are representative of the large scale trading activity between Egypt, the near East and Greece at this time. A white plate inscribed with Demotic text, some red and black decorated Amphora, a group of stones used for grinding seeds, an amulet in the form of Wadjet-eye and parts of alabaster kohl pots were also among the finds. Many bronze arrow heads were also discovered, revealing the military nature of the site.

The team consists of six archeologists, an architectural draftsman, an architectural surveyor and a topographer. The work at the site will continue in 2010.


For Diorite: He mentions that Ramesses II already had a fortification there as well. Must have been an important site?

See:
http://www.drhawass.com/blog/press-release-fortified-garrison-town-discovered-northeastern-delta
for the original text and some photographs.
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