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The Palaces

 
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anneke
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 15, 2004 12:35 pm    Post subject: The Palaces Reply with quote

Akhenaten and Nefertiti moved to Akhetaten in year 6 of their reign. It seems as though they stayed in that city for most of the rest of their lives. I don't know about any "processions" to other cities anyway. Very Happy

Over his lifetime Akhenaten must have lived at different palaces though.

It seems that he spent at least some time at the Palace at Malkata (=Malqata)

This was a magnificent palace complex erected by Amenhotep III on the westbank of Thebes for the celebrations of his sed-festivals.
The site was first discovered by George Daressy in 1888.
It is known for its brightly colored decorations.

Was further excavated by a team from Waseda University, Tokyo.

Akhenaten and Nefertiti must have spent time at this palace, and it may have been their main residence before the move to Akhetaten.

The palace included a temple of Amun, an audience pavilion, servants’ and officials’ quarters, more living quarters, and 4 palace areas:
The North palace – identified as Queen/Princess Sitamun’s quarters
A Middle palace – which is either significantly smaller or not fully excavated.
The palace of the King with adjacent audience chambers, and rooms identified as part of the harem.
The south palace – Identified as Queen Tiy’s apartments

It looks to me as though there are only 8 apartments in the harem part of the King’s palace.
I wonder where the rest of the women lived. Or could it be that these were some of his older children’s rooms?

The palace extended over some 80 acres. It was built out of light materials, mostly wood and mudbrick.
An artificial basin, the Birket Habu, was connected via a canal to the Nile and provoded anchorage for ships and barges.

Half a kilometer to the south they have found a stadium for chariot racing or exercise. It had a straight course of over 400 meters long.

It is also believed that there was a Maru on the northern side of the Malqata palace. It was built on an east-west axis and it would have included pools, tanks, kiosks and flower-beds in which Amun as the sun-god could be seen from rising to setting every day.
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anneke
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 15, 2004 12:37 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Akhenaten also spent time at:
In Thebes: the Gempaaten in Karnak. It is believed that the royal family lived here during the winter months (according to Aldred). This is part of a larger temple complex at Karnak.

The royal palace in Memphis. Ipy was the King’s steward in Memphis?

The royal palace in Heliopolis. I don’t know much about this residence.
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anneke
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 15, 2004 12:44 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

There is a wonderful page by Waseda University at:
http://www.waseda.jp/prj-egypt/sites/MP-E.html

It contains a description of the excacations, and contains many images of their finds as well as some reconstructions.
The one of the ceiling in the King's bedroom I like



At the site you can see a larger version of this Very Happy
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Segereh
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 15, 2004 12:45 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Memphis, Karnak, Achet-Aten, Heliopolis, Malqata...
In such a list you'd expect Heracleopolis as well.
Any evidence for that?

Heliopolis and Heracleopolis are still largely un-excavated or un-examined terrain.
We don't know much about the Delta-region as well.
It would make sense for a king to have a residence there though.
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Segereh
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 15, 2004 12:48 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Lovely site. Smile
A lot of "painted mud" though.
Weird, considering how long it appears to have taken to build the palace?
I've read about 6 to 20 years for the build.
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Segereh
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 15, 2004 12:50 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Segereh wrote:
A lot of "painted mud" though.
Weird, considering how long it appears to have taken to build the palace?
I've read about 6 to 20 years for the build.

Sounds stupid, speaking about an 80 acres complex, but still.
Delicate material takes less long to be crafted than stone, no?
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anneke
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 15, 2004 12:57 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

The palace complex looks extensive. It may be that they added on different features over time.
I found the stadium that they found rather interesting. It may be an example of something they added later.

Reminds me of the chariot races that are depicted in some of the tombs at Amarna.

It's funny that they seemed so active, and then Amenhotep died severly obese at the age of approx. 45. (Funny is probably not the right word here)
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Segereh
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 15, 2004 1:01 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

anneke wrote:
It's funny that they seemed so active, and then Amenhotep died severly obese at the age of approx. 45. (Funny is probably not the right word here)

I can get the irony. Cool

It seems to me Malqata served as a "blueprint" of Achet-Aton in a way.
Judging from the art, that is. Naturalist tendencies, fine fabrics,...
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 15, 2004 1:03 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Segereh wrote:
Memphis, Karnak, Achet-Aten, Heliopolis, Malqata...
In such a list you'd expect Heracleopolis as well.
Any evidence for that?

Heliopolis and Heracleopolis are still largely un-excavated or un-examined terrain.
We don't know much about the Delta-region as well.
It would make sense for a king to have a residence there though.


Haven't seen any mention of Heracleopolis. But as you said it may not have been excavated well.

Did forget to mention:

Medinet el Ghurab
This residence lies in the Faiyum. This was referred to as a harem-palace – a retreat for the royal family. Akhenaten’s father was known to have spent part of his childhood there. Akhenaten may have spent some time there as well.

This is closer to the Delta I think.

There was also some earlier palace at Miwer (don't know where that is). Dates back to the Thutmosids. It seems likely that Amenh. III spent time there. Don't know about Akhenaten though.

I also don't know just how much they travelled around.
Would Akhenaten have spent his youth following his father's court around, or would he have been living in some harem complex somewhere.
Since he was a minor prince when he was young I woould expect him to maybe not be that importanat yet and live quietly at Malqata???
Just guessing here.
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anneke
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 15, 2004 1:07 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Before I forget:

Akhetaten had two palaces:
The Great Palace in the center of town and the North Palace.
The royal family lived in Akhetaten after year 6.

The Great Palace is known for its wonderful decorations. There is even some evidence of gilding.
The rooms they found were connected by pathways depicting bound captives. This part of the complex may have been part of the audience chambers of the King, who would then symbolically trample his enemies as he walked.

Many of these painting were destroyed in 1912.
Sir Flinders Petrie recalled:
“the department [of Antiquities] provided no path for [visitors], and the fields were trampled; so one night a man went and hacked [the pavements] all to pieces to prevent visitors from coming… I was never even informed or allowed to pick up the pieces."

The North Palace is often thought to have been the residence of Nefertiti. It is also believed that Tutankhamen grew up there.
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anneke
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 15, 2004 4:34 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

There's an article on touregypt about the North Place which is interesting.

I gather that the Palace could have been built for Kiya, or for Nefertiti, or for Meritaten. It seems to be a palace for a Queen (maybe Princess)

http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/northpalace.htm

Here's a floorplan:



The animal stalls are interesting. One of the Princesses (I think it was Nefer-Neferuaten-Tasherit) was depicted somewhere with a pet-gazelle.
The palace also seems to have had its own sunken garden Very Happy
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anneke
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PostPosted: Sun Aug 15, 2004 4:45 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

There's also a nice article about the Great Palace in Amarna:
http://touregypt.net/featurestories/royalestate.htm

The author claims that this was not the Palace where the King spent most of his time. He may have lived at the North Palace???
May be hard to figure out where exactly the King lived.
This complex contains private quarters, an Aten Temple, the famous Window of Appearances featured in quite a few of the Amarna tombs.

I like this plan of the Harem:



The living quarters seem awfully small. I wonder if most of the living would take place outside? Maybe during the day the women would gather around the pool? Lounge in the beautiful gardens?
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anneke
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PostPosted: Tue Aug 17, 2004 1:00 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I wrote:

I gather that the [North] Palace could have been built for Kiya, or for Nefertiti, or for Meritaten. It seems to be a palace for a Queen (maybe Princess)


Found mention of this palace elsewhere
Quote:
Originally thought to be a residence for Akhenaten’s queen, Nefertiti, the North Palace has been more recently identified as the home of the king’s lesser wife, Kiya and altered inscriptions show that the building was later usurped by his eldest daughter Meritaten.


So, Kiya had her own palace, her own temple (the Maru-Aten), was buried in the royal tomb it seems.
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