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Czech Archaeologists Unearth 4500 Years Boat In Abusir

 
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Lutz
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Joined: 02 Sep 2007
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Location: Berlin, Germany

PostPosted: Mon Feb 01, 2016 6:43 pm    Post subject: Czech Archaeologists Unearth 4500 Years Boat In Abusir Reply with quote

"Czech archaeologists unearth 4500 years boat in Abusir" (Luxor Times - 01.02.2016)

"A unique boat from the pyramid age discovered at Abusir by the expedition of the Czech Institute of Egyptology" (Charles University Prague - Lucie Kettnerová, 01.02.2016)

Greetings, Lutz.
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Lutz
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Posts: 3650
Location: Berlin, Germany

PostPosted: Fri Feb 05, 2016 1:03 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

With some additional pictures...

"Unique discovery made in Abusir by Czech archaeological mission, Laboratoriorosso’s scientific partner" (Laboratoriorosso, 3 February 2016)

Quote:
"... The boat by the southern wall of Mastaba AS 54 indicates the extraordinary social position of the owner of the tomb. Since it is not located adjacent to a royal pyramid, the owner of the mastaba was probably not a member of the royal family: both the size of the tomb, as well as the presence of the boat itself, however, clearly place the deceased within the elite of his time with strong connections to the reigning pharaoh.

This discovery provides fundamental evidence corroborating a theory on which Dr. Bárta and the Czech mission have based their excavations over the past years. This theory attempts to provide an explanation for the rise and, especially, the fall of the Old Kingdom, one of the first great civilizations in history.

This theoretical understanding can be briefly summed up as follows:

According to Bárta’s theory on punctuated history, societies develop in major leaps separated by long uneventful periods, rather than gradually. It is possible to identify four or five leaps throughout the history of the Old Kingdom.

During the time of the first 3rd Dynasty king Djoser, for example, many innovations took place: architectural stone building, language writing, and the sophistication of the state administration are some of the technological advances that increased the Egyptian society’s complexity. Another major leap occurred during the time of Snofru a century later.

A society’s collapse means that a substantial part of the complexity accumulated by that society is lost. Complexity is related to the advancements of a society: the more advanced it is, the more sophisticated it is, the more energy it will be required to sustain its complexity. Therefore, complexity and resources are fundamentally interlinked.

The factors determining the collapse of a society are in general internal and contribute positively to the society’s rise. However, they end up playing a key negative role in the society’s crisis, which is generally also exacerbated by significant climate change.

The rise of the Old Kingdom was marked by a significant increase in the bureaucratisation of the state which led to an increasingly efficient management of the system. The surplus generated by this progress allowed for the pursue of scientific and technological advancement.

However, once the system reached its peak and became saturated, the bureaucracy started to consume more energy than it produced directly or indirectly and became a negative factor.

At the end of the Old Kingdom one of the direct effects of an excessively large bureaucracy was the increasingly influential role of interest groups. Studies show how interest groups, in times of limited resources, can tore apart a society.

In 2200 BC, the Old Kingdom society was going through a period of climate change and shrinking resources, which, in addition to the rising power of interest groups, led to the society’s collapse and consequent loss of verticality. The office of the king disappeared and the state dissolved into regional power centres.

The study of these macro-processes and their dynamics contributes significantly to our understanding of the causes behind the collapse of societies, so far a recurrent process in history that several scholars and scientists believe it will concern our current society too. ..."

Greetings, Lutz.
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