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Is the Balkan in Europe the Cradle of Mankind?

 
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Lutz
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Joined: 02 Sep 2007
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Location: Berlin, Germany

PostPosted: Tue May 23, 2017 1:48 am    Post subject: Is the Balkan in Europe the Cradle of Mankind? Reply with quote

Fuss / Spassov / Begun / Böhme : Potential hominin affinities of Graecopithecus from the Late Miocene of Europe. - In: PLoS ONE 12(5). - 2017 :

Quote:
The split of our own clade from the Panini is undocumented in the fossil record. To fill this gap we investigated the dentognathic morphology of Graecopithecus freybergi from Pyrgos Vassilissis (Greece) and cf. Graecopithecus sp. from Azmaka (Bulgaria), using new μCT and 3D reconstructions of the two known specimens. Pyrgos Vassilissis and Azmaka are currently dated to the early Messinian at 7.175 Ma and 7.24 Ma. Mainly based on its external preservation and the previously vague dating, Graecopithecus is often referred to as nomen dubium. The examination of its previously unknown dental root and pulp canal morphology confirms the taxonomic distinction from the significantly older northern Greek hominine Ouranopithecus.
Furthermore, it shows features that point to a possible phylogenetic affinity with hominins. G. freybergi uniquely shares p4 partial root fusion and a possible canine root reduction with this tribe and therefore, provides intriguing evidence of what could be the oldest known hominin.

Greetings, Lutz.
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Robson
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Joined: 08 Jun 2006
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PostPosted: Tue May 23, 2017 6:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

It is an interesting hypothesis, evidencing that a major hominin split happened outside Africa. However, during the Messinian Event, the nowadays Europe was technically an extension of Africa, once the Mediterranean (the Tethys Ocean until a bit before) was then a chain of salty lakes, and all the region was a continuity of the African savanna, and when the Neogene ended around 3 Mya, all the great apes and hominins in Eurasia disappeared because of the climate cooling, and Africa (and South Asia for some apes) became again the homeland of these species, Its descendants became cosmopolite only when the genus Homo (Homo Erectus and anatomically modern humans) appeared

Böhme M, Spassov N, Ebner M, Geraads D, Hristova L, Kirscher U, et al. (2017) Messinian age and savannah environment of the possible hominin Graecopithecus from Europe. PLoS ONE 12(5): e0177347.
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Robson
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Location: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

PostPosted: Tue May 23, 2017 6:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

It is an interesting hypothesis, evidencing that a major hominin split happened outside Africa. However, during the Messinian Event, the nowadays Europe was technically an extension of Africa, once the Mediterranean (the Tethys Ocean until a bit before) was then a chain of salty lakes, and all the region was a continuity of the African savanna, and when the Neogene ended around 3 Mya, all the great apes and hominins in Eurasia disappeared because of the climate cooling, and Africa (and South Asia for some apes) became again the homeland of these species, Its descendants became cosmopolite only when the genus Homo (Homo Erectus and anatomically modern humans) appeared

Böhme M, Spassov N, Ebner M, Geraads D, Hristova L, Kirscher U, et al. (2017) Messinian age and savannah environment of the possible hominin Graecopithecus from Europe. PLoS ONE 12(5): e0177347.
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Robson
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Joined: 08 Jun 2006
Posts: 990
Location: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

PostPosted: Tue May 23, 2017 6:30 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

It is an interesting hypothesis, evidencing that a major hominin split happened outside Africa. However, during the Messinian Event, the nowadays Europe was technically an extension of Africa, once the Mediterranean (the Tethys Ocean until a bit before) was then a chain of salty lakes, and all the region was a continuity of the African savanna, and when the Neogene ended around 3 Mya, all the great apes and hominins in Eurasia disappeared because of the climate cooling, and Africa (and South Asia for some apes) became again the homeland of these species, Its descendants became cosmopolite only when the genus Homo (Homo Erectus and anatomically modern humans) appeared

Böhme M, Spassov N, Ebner M, Geraads D, Hristova L, Kirscher U, et al. (2017) Messinian age and savannah environment of the possible hominin Graecopithecus from Europe. PLoS ONE 12(5): e0177347.
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