Click on the logo to visit the shop
Ancient Egypt Discussion Board
Joined: 18 Jun 2019
|Posted: Tue Apr 13, 2021 3:19 am Post subject: Ankh (the object) Introduced
|1. Ankh was a tangible object in ancient Egypt.
2. The Ankh object effectively was an emblem with purpose like a badge.
It (the ankh object) derived from a functionally practical tool that was disabled to make ankh.
3. The original tool from which ankh was produced was the Tyet object.
The Tyet object (tool) was a rapid connector device with an overload prevention feature for connection to heavy loads.
The Tyet hieroglyphic symbol appears to have two drooping (stretched?) loops.
Those two loops on end of its arms were cut from the Tyet object to produce the Ankh object and form.
When the loops of Tyet were cut off, the resulting form (ankh) was useless as a functional tool. Tyet as a functional tool was disabled to make ankh.
Ankh (the object) could only be emblematic like a badge or otherwise symbolic of what the Tyet tool had helped to do (build great works).
I excerpted 13 pages from 197 pages of my notes from a study of ankh (and Tyet) into the following short pdf about what is ankh.
What Is Ankh? (pdf)
The pdf shows and explains the basic structure and components that formed the initial tool and ankh.
It skips much for for brevity (like how specific composite materials were identified, explanations about applications, performance dynamics) and focuses on structures, composition and construction of Ankh and Tyet.
It is important to know what were the Tyet and Ankh objects because certain information has applications across tombs and centuries of ancient Egypt.
There is good reason that ankh was made prominent and ubiquitous in ancient Egypt. It was a key reference.
The Tyet and Ankh objects are simple to construct. I recreated a Tyet object.
Yet, they had profound effects in ancient Egypt (maybe for a later explanation).
Joined: 18 Jun 2019
|Posted: Tue Apr 13, 2021 7:32 pm Post subject:
About Ankh Was An Emblem
I failed to note in the preceding post and in the pdf that the ankh object could not be used as a tool (like Tyet) because structure of the ankh object would unravel if loosened.
There was no way to re-tighten the Ankh Object's structure.
The only way to make an Ankh object was to first make a Tyet object and cut off the loops on arms of Tyet.
The Tyet tool tightened in use when it was connected to heavy weight.
Force of a heavy load caused the tool's structure to tighten.
The device gained increased stability and certain strength when loaded.
Loads made it stronger and more stable to resist failure.
The Tyet tool was quickly and easily connected and released from loads (unlike a tied knot that could tightly seize and be difficult to untie from a heavy load).
The ankh object could not be connected to a load and its structure would unravel if loosened. To make a new ankh required that a new Tyet object be made.
I note this here because I think it is important to know that the Ankh object could never be used like the Tyet tool. This explains why I find that ankh was only an emblem (like a badge or identifier of a class of people in ancient Egypt -- such as those who used the Tyet tool).
This is covered more extensively in my notes (fortunately I found an old email with the ankh file).
A Second File Excerpted From Notes
The following pdf also contains pages excerpted from my notes in study about the ankh object.
What is Ankh? (pdf) file 2
This pdf contains notes on nine elements (features and characteristics) of ankh that appear in various ancient images.
Those elements of ankh expose the structures of the ancient object.
Identification and study of the elements helped to reconstruct the ankh object.[/b]
Joined: 18 Jun 2019
|Posted: Wed Jun 02, 2021 6:57 pm Post subject:
|I introduced the tyet and ankh objects in the previous posts
(in two pdf files). Unfortunately, I can't create a pdf at this time for what follows but images of the tyet and ankh objects are in the pdf files.
The tyet object was the functional tool (device) while
Ankh was an emblem of that device.
Ankh was not a technical tool.
Load Limit Feature
The tyet object as I noted has a load limitation feature that released
the device from a heavy load if the device was overloaded.
The distinctive loop of both the ankh and tyet objects was formed by a
specially shaped strip of animal hide (a leather strap).
The strip of leather wedged into the complex crossbar of rope that was
a self-tightening knot.
Heavier loads tightened the knot to hold the leather component more tightly.
Two loops of rope on ends of the 'arms' of the crossbar could be
secured to a load by insertion of a peg or bar into the loops.
Then, a bar could be put into the loop of the strap (as a handle) to
pull or lift the connected load.
The strap of leather would break if it was overloaded.
The leather strap was cut to specific length, width and thickness.
The strap was designed to bear a maximum load and to break if that
maximum limit was exceeded.
For example, the device could have been designed to bear a maximum of
50kg and break at 55kg.
Why design the device to break?
First Reason Is Safety
A line (rope) or a connector always has risk to be loaded (stressed)
beyond its capacity where it can unexpectedly fail.
A connector that predictably fails before a rope fails can protect an
expensive rope from avoidable damage.
A connector that predictably releases from a load can indicate that a
load is heavier than expected or that additional lines and handlers
are need to safely manage the load.
A connector that predictably releases also can protect workers from
accidentally or intentionally being made to lift, pull or otherwise
handle dangerously heavy loads.
The connector device limits the load that a worker would be required
(perhaps by agreement) to handle.
The health and safety of workers would be protected from debilitating strains.
Work Management Mitigation
One connector for each worker or one for each fixed number of workers
would provide both workers and managers with a visibly obvious
standard and impartial mediation to assure that safety and fairness
A connector by breaking indicates that an additional connector and
handlers are needed.
The broken connector can also be an indication that a strap is worn,
was not safe, and must be replaced.
Managers could not fault workers for broken straps.
The simple inexpensive leather strap can be replaced or the connector
can be replaced.
The strap could be doubled to increase capacity of the connector to bear a load.
The rope line that was fundamentally important in heavy transport
operations (and required more time to repair or reproduce) would be
preserved against early failure.
Failed rope lines could have caused serious delays of work in large
A standard connector that could be produced, stocked and replaced as a
modular component certainly eased stress on workers and increased
To tie and untie many knots was certainly slower and required more
effort than to insert pegs or bars into anchor-loops.
The number of connectors on a load or line could inform about the
number of workers to use in a transport operation.
Tyet with connector loops on ends of its arms could be connected to a
load to move the load.
Ankh is in form tyet after connector loops are cut from ends of tyet's arms.
Ankh is purely emblematic because it cannot be connected to a load.
Ankh therefore symbolizes aspects, benefits and characteristics of tyet.
Tyet is strong, associated with strength, vigor and life (health, strength).
As hieroglyphic symbols, tyet signifies strength and life while ankh
is more strongly related to signify life in its broader meanings.
It is easy to recognize from the considerations about the objects how
and why the tyet and ankh symbols were attributed to signify what they
Tyet signifies strength because the tyet tool was used to manage heavy
loads certainly in large building projects.
Tyet also symbolizes life because it obviously in the considerations
helped to protect, preserve and improve the lives of ancient egyptians
in several aspects.
The tool would have improved the quality of working lives and helped
to raise structures such as monuments that would hve improved daily
Ankh then seems to have captured the greater nuance implications that
derived from tyet.
Ankh is not the tool but represents the status and benefits of good
life, living and health that tyet helped to produce.
Tyet means strength and life.
Ankh means life and living.
You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot vote in polls in this forum
Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2005 phpBB Group